Pulmonology / Pneumology

Pulmonary Fibrosis

It is a chronic disease that affects the lungs causing them to lose flexibility (fibrosis) and to deteriorate over time. The main problem is lack of oxygen in the lungs, causing coughing and respiratory failure.

The treatment consists of slowing down the progress of the disease. It may include oxygen for lung rehabilitation and improvement of respiratory capacity.

Treatment characteristics

It is a disease that results in scarring of the lungs. These scars make the lung tissue stiff and thickened.

 The exact causes of the disease are unknown. But pollution, some medications and other lung diseases are likely to cause this problem. 

The most common symptoms are:


  • Dry cough
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Fatigue
  • Aching muscles and joints

After carrying out the corresponding diagnostic tests (spirometry, lung volumes, arterial blood gas analysis, stress test, lung tissue biopsy, fiberoptic broschoscopy), our specialists will give you the specific plan of action for your case.

The treatment plan includes pharmacological and alternative treatments. It may include surgical treatment.

Pharmacological treatment is divided into two approaches, depending on the type of lung disease.

Immunosuppressive Therapy – based on corticosteroids mycophenolate, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab, infliximab or tacrolimus.

Antifibrotic Therapy – based on pirfenidone and nintedanib.

Alternative treatments include pulmonary rehabilitation and oxygen therapy.

Surgical treatment includes lung transplant.

Unfortunately, Cystic Fibrosis is a chronic disease and has no cure. But if you follow the indications given by our specialists, you can improve the quality of your life.

The length of your stay will depend on the gravity of the disease, ranging from a few weeks to three (3) or four (4) months (in the case of a lung transplant).

Treatment itinerary

Before treatment

During treatment

After treatment

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